آموزش زبان انگلیسی صفت ها
WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE"?
Simply put adjectives are descriptive words. Adjectives are used to describe or give information about things, ideas and people: nouns or pronouns.
The grey dog barked. (The adjective grey describes the noun "dog".)
The most common question an adjective might answer is "What kind of...?"
The good news is that in English the form of an adjective does not change, once you have learnt it that's it and it does not matter if the noun being described is male or female, singular or plural, subject or object. Yay!
Some adjectives give us factual information about the noun - age, size colour etc (fact adjectives - can't be argued with).
Some adjectives show what somebody thinks about something or somebody - nice, horrid, beautiful etc (opinion adjectives - not everyone may agree).
If you are asked questions with which, whose, what kind, or how many, you need an adjective to be able to answer.
There are different types of adjectives in the English language:
- .Numeric: six, one hundred and one etc
- .Quantitative: more, all, some, half, more than enough etc
- .Qualitative: colour, size, smell etc
- .Possessive: my, his, their, your etc
- .Interrogative: which, whose, what etc
- .Demonstrative: this, that, those, these etc
!Note - The articles a, an, and the are a special kind of adjective called articles, and the possessives my, our, your, and their are sometimes known as possessive adjectives.
Adjectives can be used to describe colour.
blue, red, green, brown, yellow, black, white, etc.
- "The blue bag." or "The blue bags".
Adjectives can be used to give your opinion about something.
good, pretty, right, wrong, funny, light, happy, sad, full, soft, hard etc.
- He was a silly boy. / She was a silly girl.
Adjectives can be used to describe size.
big, small, little, long, tall, short, same as, etc.
- "The big man." or "The big woman".
Adjectives can be used to describe age.
- "He was an old man." or "She was an old woman."
Adjectives can be used to describe shape.
round, circular, triangular, rectangular, square, oval, etc.
- "It was a square box." or "They were square boxes."
Adjectives can be used to describe origin.
- "It was a German flag." or "They were German flags."
Adjectives can be used to identify the material something is made of.
- "A wooden cupboard." or "Wooden cupboards."
!Note - In English we often change nouns into adjectives.
For Example: glass - a glass vase / metal - a metal tray etc.
Adjectives can be used to describe distance.
l -- o -- n -- g/ short
long, short, far, around, start, high, low, etc.
- "She went for a long walk." or "They went for lots of long walks."
Adjectives can be used to describe temperature.
cold, warm, hot, cool, etc.
- "It was a hot day" or "We eat ice cream on hot days."
Adjectives can be used to describe time.
late, early, bed, nap, dinner, lunch, day, morning, night, etc.
- "She had an early start."
Adjectives can be used to describe purpose. (These adjectives often end with "-ing".)
- "She gave them a sleeping bag." or "She gave them sleeping bags."
!Note - Have you noticed how the adjective stays the same, whether it is describing a masculine, feminine, singular or plural noun? Nice huh?
When using more than one adjective to modify a noun, the adjectives may be separated by a conjunction (and) or by commas (,).
- "Her hair was long and blonde." or "She had long, blonde hair."
|For Example:||She is a pretty girl.||He was a serious boy.||It could be a fast car.||They were quiet children.|
!Note - Adjectives that go immediately before the noun are called attributive adjectives.
Adjectives can also be used after some verbs. They do not describe the verb, adverbs do that.
Adjectives after a verb describe the subject of the verb (usually a noun or pronoun).
- "Lynne looks tired."
The subject (in this case Lynne) is being described as tired not the verb to look.
There is also the adjective used to, which is such a beast that it gets its own section - used to
Used to something
They say you can get used to anything.
The use of used to do something is explained here. However, used to has another meaning, it can be used as an adjective and we use it to talk about things that have become familiar, and are no longer strange or new.
Used to usually comes after verbs such as be, get or become.
- After a while you get used to the noise.
- She will become used to the smell.
- I was used to the web site.
You can also say that someone is used to doing something.
•I'll never get used to getting up at six o'clock in the morning.
•It took me a while until I was used to driving on the right-hand side of the road.